Being at a higher altitude is no joke and this is the reason why altitude training is done to prepare the prospective mountaineers physically and mentally. The geographical and atmospherical changes in a higher altitude can have a stressful impact on health and can also lead to lethal and fatal conditions.
The atmosphere at the sea level differs vastly from the one that is present at the steeper altitude. Well, as they say, the air is difficult to breathe! The reason behind this is the lowering of atmospheric pressure.
At sea level;l the atmospheric pressure is high, due to which the air is dense ad the oxygen molecules are packed densely. This makes breathing the oxygen easy and not- strenuous. However, this is not the case with the higher altitude. At steeper altitude, the air is light and thin because of lower atmospheric pressure. This also leads to lightly packed and largely spaced oxygen molecules, which makes breathing difficult. lesser oxygen can lead to various pulmonary and brain-related damage if one tries to climb such heights without prior training and acclimatization.
Some of the major health risks that are involved with altitude training are listed below:
headaches can range from mild to severe depending on the way the altitude sickness is effecting. Milder ones can be treated with aspirin, however, severe ones need immediate medical help.
- The reduced flow of blood
at a higher altitude, for the body to work extra on transporting oxygen it starts producing extra red blood cells. This is a benefit of the training, however, it can also lead to sluggish flow of blood to the heart causing severe problems.
- Cerebral edema
higher altitude can lead to the swelling of the brain cells, and this can lead to cerebral fluid leakage.
- Pulmonary edema
in this condition, the lung gets filled with fluid causing severe pulmonary issues.
- Cheyne stokes respiration
in this respiratory problem, one may feel suffocated and get restricted breathing if one spends too much time at higher altitude.
Higher altitude can have many health risks, and even attitude training can lead to major lethal situations. Therefore one needs to care and take training one step at a time to let the body get used to the changing conditions.